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Principal Investigator
Name
Yoshito Nishimura
Degrees
MD, PhD, MPH
Institution
University of Hawaii
Position Title
Physician
Email
About this CDAS Project
Study
PLCO (Learn more about this study)
Project ID
PLCO-1135
Initial CDAS Request Approval
Dec 27, 2022
Title
Spatial and socioeconomic disparity in the colorectal cancer screening rate
Summary
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignancies in the United States, with the established effectiveness of colonoscopy as a screening tool to decrease mortality. While colonoscopy is accessible in most areas of the United States, the effect of socioeconomic determinants and residential areas is unknown. Given most healthcare facilities are congregated in urban or suburban areas, it is speculated that people living in rural areas might have had lower colorectal cancer screening rates with colonoscopy, possibly leading to higher prevalence and mortality with advanced colorectal cancer in the areas. In this project, we aim to show the differences in colorectal cancer screening rates in urban, suburban quantitatively, and rural areas with the hypothesis noted above to provide evidence for public health officials and local healthcare systems to advocate for colorectal cancer outreach programs.
Aims

・To show the spatial and socioeconomic disparity in the colorectal cancer screening rates with colonoscopy
・To provide evidence to fund rural community outreach programs to improve accessibility to colorectal cancer screening in rural areas

Collaborators

Dr. Scott Kuwada, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii