Skip to Main Content

An official website of the United States government

About this Publication
DNA repair and cancer in colon and rectum: Novel players in genetic susceptibility.
Pubmed ID
31209889 (View this publication on the PubMed website)
Digital Object Identifier
Int. J. Cancer. 2020 Jan 15; Volume 146 (Issue 2): Pages 363-372
Pardini B, Corrado A, Paolicchi E, Cugliari G, Berndt SI, Bezieau S, Bien SA, Brenner H, Caan BJ, Campbell PT, Casey G, Chan AT, Chang-Claude J, Cotterchio M, Gala M, Gallinger SJ, Haile RW, Harrison TA, Hayes RB, Hoffmeister M, more Hopper JL, Hsu L, Huyghe J, Jenkins MA, Le Marchand L, Lin Y, Lindor NM, Nan H, Newcomb PA, Ogino S, Potter JD, Schoen RE, Slattery ML, White E, Vodickova L, Vymetalkova V, Vodicka P, Gemignani F, Peters U, Naccarati A, Landi S
  • Italian Institute for Genomic Medicine (IIGM), Turin, Italy.
  • Department of Biology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
  • Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD.
  • Service de Génétique Médicale, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU), Nantes, France.
  • Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA.
  • Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Aging Research, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.
  • Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program of Northern California, Oakland, CA.
  • Epidemiology Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA.
  • Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.
  • Division of Gastroenterology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. more
  • Division of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.
  • Prevention and Cancer Control, Cancer Care Ontario, Toronto, ON, Canada.
  • Department of Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada.
  • Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.
  • Division of Epidemiology, Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY.
  • Melbourne School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
  • Epidemiology Program, Research Cancer Center of Hawaii, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI.
  • Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale, AZ.
  • Department of Epidemiology, Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN.
  • Program in MPE Molecular Pathological Epidemiology, Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.
  • Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA.
  • Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, UT.
  • Institute of Biology and Medical Genetics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Interindividual differences in DNA repair systems may play a role in modulating the individual risk of developing colorectal cancer. To better ascertain the role of DNA repair gene polymorphisms on colon and rectal cancer risk individually, we evaluated 15,419 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within 185 DNA repair genes using GWAS data from the Colon Cancer Family Registry (CCFR) and the Genetics and Epidemiology of Colorectal Cancer Consortium (GECCO), which included 8,178 colon cancer, 2,936 rectum cancer cases and 14,659 controls. Rs1800734 (in MLH1 gene) was associated with colon cancer risk (p-value = 3.5 × 10-6 ) and rs2189517 (in RAD51B) with rectal cancer risk (p-value = 5.7 × 10-6 ). The results had statistical significance close to the Bonferroni corrected p-value of 5.8 × 10-6 . Ninety-four SNPs were significantly associated with colorectal cancer risk after Binomial Sequential Goodness of Fit (BSGoF) procedure and confirmed the relevance of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) and homologous recombination pathways for colon and rectum cancer, respectively. Defects in MMR genes are known to be crucial for familial form of colorectal cancer but our findings suggest that specific genetic variations in MLH1 are important also in the individual predisposition to sporadic colon cancer. Other SNPs associated with the risk of colon cancer (e.g., rs16906252 in MGMT) were found to affect mRNA expression levels in colon transverse and therefore working as possible cis-eQTL suggesting possible mechanisms of carcinogenesis.

Related CDAS Studies
Related CDAS Projects