Associations between obesity, smoking and lymph node status at breast cancer diagnosis in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial.
Smith A, Mullooly M, Murphy L, Barron TI, Bennett K
INTRODUCTION: There is evidence suggesting that smoking and obesity prior to a breast cancer diagnosis is associated with poorer outcomes. In this study, we investigate the associations between smoking and obesity prior to a breast cancer diagnosis and the presence of lymph node metastases at diagnosis.
METHODS: Women with stage I-III breast cancer (n = 3,304) were identified from the National Cancer Institute's Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial. Univariable and multivariable log-binomial models were used to estimate relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations between lymph node positive breast cancer and; i) smoking, and ii) obesity prior to diagnosis.
RESULTS: Pre-diagnostic smoking/obesity was not associated with lymph node metastasis at diagnosis in multivariable analyses; (RR 0.82, 95%CI 0.61, 1.10) and (RR 0.95, 95% CI 0.81, 1.12), respectively.
CONCLUSION: Obesity and smoking information was recorded a number of years prior to breast cancer diagnosis, therefore these findings should to be replicated in a larger cohort of women, with more detailed smoking and obesity information.