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Dietary glycemic index, glycemic load, and renal cancer risk: findings from prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian cancer trial.
Pubmed ID
37346909 (View this publication on the PubMed website)
Digital Object Identifier
Front Nutr. 2023; Volume 10: Pages 1073373
Qi H, Xia D, Xu X
  • Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

BACKGROUND: Dietary glycemic index (GI) or glycemic load (GL) has been associated with the development of many cancers, but the evidence for renal cancer is still limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between GI or GL and renal cancer risk in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer (PLCO) Screening Trial.

METHODS: The cohort for our analysis consisted of 101,190 participants. GI and GL were calculated from the FFQ data using previously published reference values. Multivariate-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox regression model after adjusting for most known renal cancer risk factors.

RESULTS: During a median of 12.2 years of follow-up, 443 incident renal cancer cases occurred. Higher dietary GI was significantly associated with a higher risk of renal cancer (HRQ3vsQ1: 1.38; 95% CI: 1.09-1.74; p for trend = 0.008). There was no significant association between dietary GL and renal cancer risk (HRQ3vsQ1 = 1.12, 95% CI = 0.79-1.59, p for trend = 0.591). Spline regression plot revealed a higher risk of renal cancer with a higher GI but not GL. There was no statistical evidence for nonlinearity (p for nonlinearity >0.05).

CONCLUSION: In summary, findings of this large-scale prospective cohort study suggested that dietary GI may be associated with the risk of renal cancer. If confirmed in other populations and settings, dietary GI could be considered as a modifiable risk factor for renal cancer prevention.

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