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Title
Circulating adipokine concentrations and risk of five obesity-related cancers: A Mendelian randomization study.
Pubmed ID
33038280 (View this publication on the PubMed website)
Digital Object Identifier
Publication
Int J Cancer. 2021 Apr 1; Volume 148 (Issue 7): Pages 1625-1636
Authors

Dimou NL, Papadimitriou N, Mariosa D, Johansson M, Brennan P, Peters U, Chanock SJ, Purdue M, Bishop DT, Gago-Dominquez M, Giles GG, Moreno V, Platz EA, Tangen CM, Wolk A, Zheng W, Wu X, Campbell PT, Giovannucci E, Lin Y, CCFR, Endometrial Cancer Association Consortium, Gunter MJ, Murphy N

Abstract

Obesity is considered a chronic inflammatory state characterized by continued secretion of adipokines and cytokines. Experimental and epidemiological evidence indicates that circulating adipokines may be associated with the development of obesity-related cancers, but it is unclear if these associations are causal or confounded. We examined potential causal associations of specific adipokines (adiponectin, leptin, soluble leptin receptor [sOB-R] and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 [PAI-1]) with five obesity-related cancers (colorectal, pancreatic, renal cell carcinoma [RCC], ovarian and endometrial) using Mendelian randomization (MR) methods. We used summary-level data from large genetic consortia for 114 530 cancer cases and 245 284 controls. We constructed genetic instruments using 18 genetic variants for adiponectin, 2 for leptin and 4 for both sOB-R and PAI-1 (P value for inclusion<5 × 10-8 ). Causal estimates were obtained using two-sample MR methods. In the inverse-variance weighted models, we found an inverse association between adiponectin and risk of colorectal cancer (odds ratio per 1 μg/mL increment in adiponectin concentration: 0.90 [95% confidence interval = 0.84-0.97]; P = .01); but, evidence of horizontal pleiotropy was detected and the association was not present when this was taken into consideration. No association was found for adiponectin and risks of pancreatic cancer, RCC, ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer. Leptin, sOB-R and PAI-1 were also similarly unrelated to risk of obesity-related cancers. Despite the large sample size, our MR analyses do not support causal effects of circulating adiponectin, leptin, sOB-R and PAI-1 concentrations on the development of five obesity-related cancers.

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